YIG Oscillator/YTO Analyzer: linearity, output power, hysteresis

With a good number of YIG oscillators (YTOs) around, time for a few tests. Rather than writing down all the numbers, a quick test setup, with two power supplies, an EIP 545A counter (with built-in power meter), an Agilent 66319D power supply (used as current source for the main tune and FM coils of the YTO), a 14.5 dB attenuator (just happens to be the value I had around) and a few cables.
When performing such test, make sure to put a 10 dB (or larger) attenuator of really good quality (low SWR) directly at the YTO output, without any adaptors or cables in between – some YTOs will show inaccuracies of not properly terminated in 50 Ohms.

This is a view of the setup:

yiga 1

yiga 2

One of the YTOs under test, a S081-0320 2 to 8 GHz Avantek part.

yiga s081-0320

yiga frq vs current

yiga pwr vs ghz
As you can see, the output frequency is pretty linear vs. main coil current.

yiga dev from lin vs frq

The tests are carried out first with increasing coil current, then with decreasing coil current, and the hysteresis is calculated (difference of output frequency, when a approaching from higher vs. lower current).

yiga hyst vs freq

One thing to watch out for are thermal effects, but let the YIG warm-up for 1 hour or so, with the main coil at half-range current. The effects aren’t all that big for the Avantek YTO discussed here, but you never now, for lower quality parts, other manufacturers, and so on.

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